BAFE宣布SP207疏散警报系统计划文件现已推出。

支持英国标准8629(疏散警报系统,用于在包含公寓的建筑物中使用的火灾和救援服务),BAFE SP207计划文件介绍了疏散警报系统的设计,安装,调试和维护能力的质量证据。

紧急疏散系统

住房、社区和地方政府部于2020年5月公布了关于新建高层住宅区洒水装置和其他消防安全措施的咨询结果。在这份文件中,压倒性的92%的受访者同意批准的文件B应包括紧急疏散系统的要求(如果居民需要逃生,可以通过提醒他们来支持消防和救援服务部门的行动响应)。

该文件补充说:“几个受访者指出,疏散警报系统就位就是对居民提供清晰度和保证。”

为说明符提供信心

对于在高层建筑工作的每个人来说,胜任能力的质量证据将受到更严格的审查。”

克里斯奥·奥尔杰尔(Bafe)总监Chris Auger说:“MHCLG磋商后所示的需求是前所未有的,并且代表了在格雷芬塔火塔火灾悲剧之后所需的安装人员的系统和能力的更大意识。随着工作BAFE与行业和火灾和救援服务一起进行,我们很高兴地发布本文件,并提供实现这一重要第三方认证的路线。能力的质量证据将在近期在高层街区工作的每个人都有更大的审查,这只能是一件好事。该计划将填补这一关键差距,为符合符号的符合人提供信心,了解他们正当努力,并继续建立居民生活安全责任的“金线”.”

BAFE SP207计划文件

克里斯补充道“BAFE计划的不断扩大的投资组合代表了行业利基但极为重要领域所需的高质量能力证据的必要性。第三方认证将成为建筑环境发展的主要关注焦点,BAFE需要定位于提供既需要又反映居住者、监管机构、服务提供商和建筑业主/经理当前关注的方案.”

BAFE SP207计划文件(用于设计,安装,调试和维护疏散警报系统)以及提供此评估的认证机构的信息可通过BAFE网站获得。

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2020年回顾:COVID-19对消防行业和消防的影响
2020年回顾:COVID-19对消防行业和消防的影响

COVID-19在2020年占据了新闻头条,它对消防行业产生了深远的影响。TheBigRedGuide.com网站发表了许多关于大流行及其影响的文章,其中一些是今年阅读最多的文章之一。这次回顾将重点介绍一些与流行病有关的文章,包括原始内容的链接。英国消防行业协会(FIA)发表了一份关于冠状病毒大流行影响的调查报告。这项由国际汽联进行的调查旨在更好地了解组织是如何受到COVID-19的影响,以及现在和将来对更广泛的消防行业的影响。弹性是国际汽联报告中反复出现的主题。在调查时(英国刚刚过冠状病毒高峰期),共有81%的受访者预计,他们可以在目前情况下继续运营三个月或更长时间。快速传播的病毒约四分之一的受访者预计他们的业务可以持续六个月(23.4%),另有四分之一的受访者预计他们的业务可以持续一年(23.4%)。最新的COVID-19健康危机的第一反应者在第一线。在美国和世界各地,EMS部门都面临着病毒迅速传播的不确定性。早期的一个问题是缺少面罩。随着病例激增,救护车公司也更难获得其他所需物资。在美国各地,乃至全世界,紧急医疗服务部门都面临着病毒在华盛顿州金县迅速传播的不确定性。华盛顿州柯克兰是美国柯维德-19病例的早期震中。在一家高级护理机构爆发疫情后,消防员和柯克兰警官被隔离。消防队员不是在家里就是在当地消防局被隔离。消防站是独特的环境,其条件可能有利于新型冠状病毒/COVID-19的传播。市消防局消防队员24小时轮班近距离居住,然后回家与家人团聚。有关“热”消防站的报道有助于强调必须遵循最佳做法,以避免疾病的传播。消防处安全人员协会(FDSOA)编制了一份指南清单,各部门可将其付诸实施,以减少和/或避免值班人员的交叉污染。在对消防行业的其他影响中,COVID-19全球大流行严重影响了消防行业的展会日程,重大活动被取消或推迟。县和市消防部门受到影响,因为地方政府通过冻结开支、冻结招聘和削减开支来应对COVID-19引发的经济衰退。一些地方政府希望得到州和/或联邦政府的帮助。应对经济衰退尽管有些政府有“雨天基金”来应对经济衰退,但并非所有政府都有。此外,当前经济危机的程度可能超过我们最担心的。一些消防部门和EMS部门的预算削减幅度在10%到25%之间。冠状病毒关闭的后果是取消了美国各地数百名消防部门志愿者的募捐活动——从炸鱼薯条到宾果游戏,从烤猪到烤鸡。在COVID-19大流行期间,在家工作的趋势加速了不再有嘉年华、意大利面晚餐或枪支抽奖活动。部门损失了几千美元。消防员习惯于穿防护装备,但美国的一个地区免除了急救人员使用口罩来应对冠状病毒风险的义务。新罕布什尔州朴茨茅斯市议会提出了一项修正案,豁免急救人员遵守该市的面罩条例。建议的修正案特别指出,确保社会距离,“不受条例要求佩戴面罩的规定的限制,包括积极从事其工作的执法人员、急救人员或其他工作人员,在COVID-19流感大流行期间,在家工作的趋势加快了。新技术使得911调度员在家工作成为可能,无论是确保社会距离还是在不断变化的紧急情况下补充行动。计算机辅助调度(CAD)系统提供基于web的界面和移动功能,使公共安全应答点(PSAP)操作员能够在任何地方工作。为调度员在家工作铺平道路的其他技术包括云、虚拟专用网络(vpn)和更快的数据速度。阻止消防员进入工作场所,使其在大流行期间安全工作,会带来复杂的问题,其中最重raybet王者荣耀要的一点是确保为保护员工免受感染而采取的措施不会损害消防安全。在改造建筑物以防止感染的过程中ead, there are risks of introducing new life safety hazards and compromising emergency preparedness. It is also important to avoid blocking firefighter access and facilities As buildings adapt to new occupancy standards and requirements, it is critical that any protective measures do not interfere with operation of life safety systems. Might temporary partitions or barriers block escape routes during a fire emergency? Social distancing measures might entail blocking emergency exists and disrupting the flow of occupants looking to vacate a building. It is also important to avoid blocking firefighter access and facilities. career options The COVID-19 pandemic is disrupting every aspect of our business lives. But buried among the disruption was an opportunity. Newly idled workers could see this as an opportune time for training to expand their career options. Meanwhile, employees still on the job may find that a cancelled or postponed project means they have time on their hands. Training can enable them to make the most of that time. In-person training has come to a halt, of course, because of social distancing requirements. Filling the gap are new online learning opportunities.

火灾风险:教育市民节日快乐
火灾风险:教育市民节日快乐

假日季节充满了火灾的危险。从干燥的圣诞树到过载的电路,当感知可能处于低点时,危险在一个季节中很高。消防部门的定位很好地向公民传达这些危险。社交媒体使得在家庭和企业的防火时,可以比以往任何时候传播“良好习惯的信息”。看看统计数据在一个季节的危险中,当意识可能在最新统计数据中可能处于低点时,占据2013 - 2017年,消防部门每年响应160个家庭火灾,从圣诞树开始,介绍对NFPA应用研究。照明设备的电气分配涉及44%的家庭圣诞树火灾,另外25%是由某种类型的热源引起的,例如蜡烛太近树。除了圣诞树,美国火灾部门每年响应了每年780个家庭结构的平均射击,这些火灾开始于圣诞装饰品(2013年至2017年,根据NFPA应用研究)。平均而言,每天报告22个家庭蜡烛火灾,两个高峰日为蜡烛火灾是圣诞节和圣诞节前夕。大约10%的烟花火灾发生在12月30日和1月3日之间,在新的一年的高峰期。 Help From The U.S. Fire Administration U.S. Fire Administration provides a series of holiday, candle and Christmas tree outreach materials to enable fire departments to increase awareness of holiday fires in their communities. A social media toolkit contains content that a department can easily share on Twitter, Facebook or other social media channels. Content may be copied or customized to reach any audience. Messages from the U.S. Fire Administration that departments can share on social media platforms include: The top three days of the year for home candle fires are Christmas, New Year’s Day, and New Year’s Eve. Residents should only use decorations that are flame-retardant or not flammable. Holiday lights should be checked each year for frayed wires or excessive wear. A limit of three strands of holiday lights should be linked. Burning candles should not be left unattended. Battery-operated flameless candles are a safer alternative. Christmas trees should be kept away from heat sources and room exits. Watering a Christmas tree daily keeps it from becoming dry and flammable. Care is required to ensure that the festivities of the season do not come at a cost of lost property and/or lives Care is required to ensure that the festivities of the season do not come at a cost of lost property and/or lives. Fire prevention can lessen the burden on firefighters during a season when spending time with family is at a premium. The sadness of a fire tragedy, especially during the holiday season, can be unbearable. The holiday season is also an appropriate time to acknowledge the hard work that departments and other fire professionals dedicate to preventing and fighting fires. We at TheBigRedGuide.com salute the work of the fire service and the fire industry to keep residents and businesses safe from fire and other emergencies, both during the holiday season and throughout the year. Happy holidays to all our readers, and we look forward to providing even more useful information on our site in 2021.

2020年回顾:野火的破坏性,展望未来
2020年回顾:野火的破坏性,展望未来

野火代表了火灾致命破坏性的极端情况。每年似乎都有更多的野火,而世界各地竟然比以往任何时候都更大,更致命的野火。野火主导了对火灾最极端后果的公众感知。这回顾2020将突出一些关于BigredGuide.com发布的野火的一些文章,其中包含全长原始文章的链接。美国西方西方野火季节开始慢于去年。在本赛季的上半年,北极野火达到了新的水平,特别是在阿拉斯加和西伯利亚。根据国家环境信息的统计,西方燃烧野火燃烧野火的野火杀死了160人,并在过去两年中造成了400亿美元的损害。这种趋势朝着更大的火灾燃烧更多的英亩 - 特别是在温暖的年份。2020年初,澳大利亚是野火灾难的震中。持续的热量和干旱加剧了野火,每澳大利亚州都有火灾,虽然新的南威尔士州遭遇最难的袭击。 Strong winds have spread smoke and fire rapidly and led to fatalities. Big cities like Melbourne and Sydney have been affected; large fires have damaged homes in the outer suburbs and smoke has destroyed air quality in urban areas. Whole towns have been engulfed in flames. Active wildfire season Another cause of recent wildfires was lightning with more than 10,000 lightning strikes sparking 376 fires In the context of wildfires, even seemingly minor events can have a very large impact. For example, an explosion of blue-colored smoke on Sept. 5, 2020, in Yucalpa, California, was the beginning of a large wildfire in El Dorado Ranch Park. The pyrotechnic device was essentially a smoke bomb designed to send plumes of pink or blue smoke rising into the air, designating the gender of an expected baby. Another cause of recent wildfires was lightning with more than 10,000 lightning strikes sparking 376 fires on Aug 16 and 17, 2020. The global pandemic presented complications for firefighters during what will the active wildfire season. Firefighting manpower could be diminished by the pandemic; training sessions have been canceled, postponed, or conducted remotely. And travel risks undermine the traditional approach of calling on firefighters from throughout the country or around the world to help fight the wildfires. Addressing forest management Social distancing is at odds with the teamwork and camaraderie that characterize firefighting units. Communal basecamps where everyone eats and sleeps together are unworkable during the pandemic. Instead, smaller camps are the rule, and packaged meals are delivered to each camp. Smaller teams reduce the need for widespread quarantine if someone tests positive for the novel coronavirus. Drones are a tool to address forest management and wildfire prevention. Drones are finding multiple uses when it comes to fighting and preventing wildfires. One application is to drop self-igniting ‘dragon eggs’ that spark smaller fires to trim back overgrown forests and help prevent more destructive megafires. The dragon egg system is made up of self-igniting plastic spheres – about the size of a ping-pong ball. Dragon eggs have been an industry standard for years, usually dropped from planes or helicopters. Burnable plant material Researchers are looking to apply new approaches in address the risk of wildfires The spheres are filled with potassium permanganate powder and injected with glycol as an igniter just as they are being dropped. The reaction sets the balls ablaze after about 30 seconds, which is enough time for them to bounce to the ground through a forest canopy. Researchers are looking to apply new approaches in address the risk of wildfires. They include tools such as deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI) to better understand wildfires and to control their intensity. The model could be used to reveal areas of greatest risk for wildfires. A new deep learning model uses remote sensing and satellite data to trace fuel moisture levels across 12 Western states, in effect tracking the amount of easily burnable plant material and how dry it is. Damaging impacts of wildfires Science shows clearly that the way to reduce the damaging impacts of wildfires and threats to life and property is to proactively manage ecosystems that evolved with fire. This means reintroducing fire in the right ways and places combined with mimicking the effects of fire on forest structure through mechanical treatments. “Rocky Mountain Research Station's Fire, Fuel, and Smoke Science Program (RMRS) focuses on the science of risk management from ways that they can treat fuels and mitigate risks to helping communities assess and mitigate risk and be more resilient,” says Thomas C. Dzomba, Deputy Program Manager and Director of the Fire Modeling Institute. Understanding the underlying causes of wildfires enables us to control them better over the long haul. Enhancing fire science With a primary goal of enhancing fire science, the lab also impacts operational fire response One element is climate change, which has created conditions prone to wildfires by increasing heat, changing rain and snow patterns, and shifting plant communities. But there are also other contributing factors in the growing scale and intensity of wildfires. One is the condition of the forests in Australia, California, and other areas where the incidence of wildfires has increased. In California, for example, it is well known that the forests are unhealthy and in need of more prescribed burns and other thinning efforts. On the front line of turning data into useful information to advance fire science is the WIFIRE Lab at the University of California San Diego. The WIFIRE lab grew out of a project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). With a primary goal of enhancing fire science, the lab also impacts operational fire response, increasingly in real time. Wildfire risk monitoring The tragic Camp Fire in November 2018, which burned for 17 days in Butte County, near the city of Paradise, Calif., has prompted research to improve risk management and monitoring of wildfires in the future. The vision of the research is ‘a computational platform for multi-level wildfire risk assessment.’ The researchers seek to redefine wildfire risk monitoring and management to provide a platform that can be used by wildfire managers, emergency responders and utility companies to plan for, respond to, and mitigate the risk of wildfires. In Australia, new resources are addressing the growth of wildfires. Preventing and controlling wildfires Andrew and Nicola Forrest have committed 50 million Australian dollars (US$35 million) to the Fire and Flood Resilience initiative through Minderoo Foundation, with a goal of raising an additional 450 million (US$320 million) in direct or in-kind support over the life of the program. The goal of the ambitious investment is to make Australia the pioneer in fire and flood resistance by the year 2025 The goal of the ambitious investment is to make Australia the pioneer in fire and flood resistance by the year 2025. It is an audacious vision that requires an innovative approach, and the organization takes inspiration from the U.S. Apollo mission of the 1960s. In effect, it will be a ‘moonshot’ to advance the cause of preventing and controlling wildfires. Specifically, the first mission, Fire Shield, seeks to ensure no dangerous bushfire in Australia will burn longer than an hour by 2025. Local fire departments The biggest risk of property damage and injury from wildfires comes at the wildland-urban interface (WUI), which is defined as areas where structures and the built environment begin to intermingle with wildland vegetation. More and more such areas are being created as humans move near wildland areas to take advantage of their natural beauty and privacy. The ‘Ready, Set, Go! (RSG!)’ Program works to increase engagement by local fire departments with residents that live in areas at risk of wildland fires. A program of the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC), ‘Ready, Set, Go!’ offers the tools and resources for fire departments to provide more understanding of the risk of wildland fires and the actions residents should take to reduce the risk.

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