根据国家消防协会(NFPA),促进安全来自知识,准备雷竞技在哪里下载,监督和警惕的共同努力。

The ‘Fire and Life Safety Ecosystem’ includes eight elements, as listed by NFPA, and weakness in any of the eight creates conditions that foster risk. A recent NFPA report includes examples, drawn from current events, that illustrate the importance of each element of the Fire and Life Safety Ecosystem.

Government responsibilities

Citizens expect their governments at all levels to create a regulatory environment in which laws, policies and spending priorities are dictated by public safety needs. Safety laws were unenforced and/or code violations slipped through the cracks in several recent incidents.

Five children died August 11, 2019, when an overloaded extension cord running beneath a couch caught fire in an Erie, Pennsylvania, private home operating a daycare. In Washington, D.C., on August 18, 2019, a 40-year-old man and a 7-year old boy died in a fire. The single-family home was filled with code violations and was likely operating as an illegal rental.

开发和使用当前代码

最新的代码和标准确定保护人员和财产的最低安全水平

最新的代码和标准建立了保护人员和财产的最低安全水平,他们必须发展以反映不断变化的世界。火焰在2019年4月15日消耗了Notre-Dame De Paris,它看起来没有遵循现有代码的历史大教堂,以确保将遗产位于未来几代人享受。

例如,通过警报,洒水器和隔间,没有分层保护。在另一个例子中,从2018年营地消防野火中分析的数据摧毁了加利福尼亚州的大部分天堂,展示了建筑规范的价值。在一个更强大的建筑代码生效之后建造的350家单身家庭中,只有超过一半的未损坏。相比之下,根据发布者McChotchy的数据分析,仅在2008年建筑物代码之前建造的12,100家住宅中只有18%的损坏。

NFPA Referenced Standards

Providing guidance to designers, installers, facility operators, and enforcers, referenced standards are a fundamental part of life safety. Fires are a regular occurrence in buildings under construction, renovation and demolition, despite standards aimed at preventing them. From 2013 to 2017, there was an estimated average of 3,840 fires per year in structures under construction.

NFPA’s Standard for Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations requires site operators to mitigate fire risks. Noncompliance was also a major factor in the 2017 Grenfell fire in the United Kingdom. The aluminum cladding that wrapped the outside of the high-rise apartment building, which did not follow referenced standards, contributed to the disaster.

Investment in Safety

必须分配金钱和资源,以减少火灾和相关危险的损失

必须分配金钱和资源,以减少火灾和相关危害的损失。在明尼阿波利斯的25层高层公寓大楼里缺乏消防洒水器,导致火灾在2019年11月掠过建筑物的死亡和伤害。

Five people died and three others were hospitalized. Investment in the form of fire sprinklers would have also made a difference in containing a massive fire in North Shore, Wisconsin, at the Bayside apartment complex in March 2019. One hundred people were left homeless.

Skilled Workforce and Code Compliance

Ongoing training and professional development maximize skills of people who work in the fire and life safety fields. Personnel lacked familiarity with the fire suppression system recently at a warehouse distribution center for a British online supermarket. Their decision to shut off the sprinkler system for five minutes enabled the fire to grow beyond containment capabilities, costing the company over $120 million and 400 jobs. Fortunately, no one was hurt.

人们生活和工作的地方只是在建设之前,期间和之后的代码合规性。纳尼克,群众的消防员。,不得不在外面的条带购物中心战斗。由于100岁结构的多个不符合的空格创造,它们无法从建筑物内部脱离大楼内的火灾。

Preparedness and Emergency Response

The alert system also lets people know the actions they should take to stay safe

在紧急情况下,在紧急情况下,在紧急情况下,先后,在紧急情况下,在紧急情况下和响应能力的优先考虑和投资资金有助于第一响应者满足社区需求。澳大利亚2019年的森林火灾季节受益于2009年可怕的黑色星期六火灾后的经验教训,其中173人被杀死。

一个集中式野火警报系统现在与公众通信火灾的位置,并提供估计它可能达到新位置。警报系统也让人们知道他们应该需要安全的行动。新的警告系统可能会在2019年野火季节中挽救了生命。

知情公共教育

People take extra safety measures if they have the information they need and understand the risks and consequences. The Honolulu Fire Department created a provocative ad campaign showing a young child, comfortably in his bed.

叙述者解释说他没有睡觉,但随着烟雾填充家庭没有烟雾警报来唤醒家庭。这些信息有助于教育公众对火灾和需要预防的危险。

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拉里安德森
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