消防员的招募并不便宜。虽然指标和预算线项在消防部门的规模之间变化,但在一天通过学院毕业到一年的一年来,招聘一名消防员的招募是非常昂贵的。

对于颈部以上的检查,让我们从两个测试开始:

最终消防员招募和保留测验

第1部分:

  1. 你们部门招募合格的消防员有困难吗,可能达到了危机的程度?
  2. 你想聘用的合格候选人是否拒绝了你的邀请?
  3. 您所在地区的合格消防员候选人是否过分激烈的竞争?
  4. 您是否有思想思考,无法支付古怪的工资,签署奖金,招聘机构的高级费用,甚至削减雇用或袭击您的竞争对手?
  5. 你的招聘和人力资源部门是否需要学习如何招聘更多员工在战略上创造性地解决您的招聘问题?

得分:如果你回答了是的对于这些问题中的任何一个问题,您的部门可能需要考虑其招聘工作的范式转移,从“同样老,同样旧”到一个基于创造性问题解决,积极的营销和创新思维的综合商业模式。

第2部分:

是你的招聘和人力资源部门…

  1. 有动力的互动能引起合格申请者的反应和兴趣的陈述?
  2. 支持A.优越的一个网站,一个在线的存在,一个真正能被阅读的印刷材料?
  3. 经常训练和暴露于新的关系与营销策略无论他们多经历?
  4. 提供一对一或小型营销执行练习练习?
  5. 神秘购物或记录作为他们绩效评估的一部分?

得分:如果你回答了对于这些问题中的任何一个,这都是你策略性地、创造性地改进招聘指标的第一步。这种独特的营销模式可能达到180度的逆转,从您的部门几十年来做的

不管你在招聘和留住员工方面做得有多好,他们总是可以做得更好。有好消息也有坏消息:坏消息是,这种独特的营销模式可能会与你的部门几十年来一直在做的事情发生180度的大逆转。你的招聘人员和人力资源人员不会愿意改变。警告从他们嘴里说出的第一句话就是:“什么!你疯了吗?”

您的招聘人员如何接受您的任务,必须取消旧的招聘技术,并用各种新的创造性招聘替换它们策略基于行为心理学的原理?好消息是,这种改变并不痛苦,虽然一开始会让人感到不舒服。更重要的是,战略的转变将产生积极的定性和定量结果和你正在寻求的指标。

消防员招聘成本

问题你们部门招聘一名消防员要花多少钱?从重新设计招聘网站和印刷材料、在线展示和社交媒体、教育演示、广告、招聘会以及处理申请材料的文书工作所产生的基本成本开始。与测试相关的费用:毒品、测谎、犯罪背景和心理测试

下一项:与毒品、测谎仪、犯罪背景和心理测试相关的费用。一旦正式培训开始,就要计算费用:教育、工资、制服等,直到毕业。你们的招聘成本达到10万美元了吗?如果一位候选人在培训学院中途退出,或者在一、两年后觉得消防员不适合他或她,你会作何反应?

解决方案

消防员招募员市场商人事实如果求职者不喜欢你,他或她就不会考虑你的部门。为什么?我们倾向于和自己喜欢的人做生意;那些倾听和传达的人理解我们的需求,而不是那些用机器人演示来“谈论”我们的人。实际上,很少有消防部门有一份正式的招聘战略营销计划

但是,有一个大问题:在企业界,招聘人员通常会收到基本工资外加佣金。作为一个市、县或市政消防部门的员工,你的主要招聘员工属于不同的薪酬结构。你们的员工可能没有接受过销售和市场营销方面的强化培训。

很少的消防部门实际上有一个正式的战略营销计划书面因为它的招聘工作。招聘和市场营销是消防员招聘人员必须面对的诸多问题之一,但很少有人能做好。招聘方式遵循“招聘即营销”的培训模式,基于企业的经营理念Omnichannelization。您的挑战是推销您的部门并销售自己在市场上创建您的职位,这是一个10个消防站与附近部门竞争的部门,拥有40个站点​​。

招聘审核

考虑到许多申请人已经阅读了与您的同一本书,其中包含数百人的面试问题和每个答案。在面试过程中,申请人会被问到,“你为什么想成为一名消防员?”在这个问题之后再问一些能揭示更深层信息的问题,以及应聘者从未被问到过的问题,比如:“你最害怕成为一个消防员,你最大的恐惧?”您的挑战是在测试申请人的批判性思维技能中,开发至少10-12种这些类型的问题。在面试过程中,申请人会被问到,“你为什么想成为一名消防员?”

招聘审计:确定哪些是你做得对的,哪些需要改进,哪些根本不需要做。

制定克服弱点的战略

分析你的部门到目前为止做了什么。找出并证明你所在部门克服六个弱点的三大策略,其中有一个你可能完全不知道。

需要付出什么样的心力吗?你的大部分印刷材料都没有人阅读。为什么?不管是你的宣传册,公关材料,他们“谈谈”读者而不是对话。拿一个放大镜到颜色,字体和字体大小,声音。写得良好的副本作为个人访谈期间最好的筛选工具之一。

一听到教官的声音,大多数申请表就会令人厌烦。问问你的人力资源部门有多少申请是不完整的,缺少必要的信息。

动机

消防员招聘有一个心理学识别“真正的”激励候选人接受一个部门而不是另一个部门的力量。招聘人员需要学习制定几种不同的策略,以适应不同的垂直市场。一刀切不适合所有人。

最后几句话

你准备好重新规划你部门的招聘工作了吗?这一切都始于从你的全体员工中获得全面的投入、参与和培训,以达到预期的招聘结果。

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航空事故:看地方当局消防部门的反应
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一个如果英国2020个Covid-19锁定的少数奖金是我们家周围的飞机噪音的剧烈减少。当然,在英格兰东南部,它给了我们一些想法在天空中的飞机数量,以及如果出现问题,那么后果可能是什么?英国的航空是在被称为商业机场运输(猫)之间的分歧和一般的航空(GA)。猫部门在25个机场和占地面积约900架飞机上运营。但是,GA部门占15,000架飞机,由32,000名飞行员飞行,由民用航空管理局(CAA)许可的125个机场,超过1000多个飞行网站(根据一般航空意识委员会 - 我们的映射数据建议1650个网站)(1,2)。英国大约96%的飞机从事商业,休闲工程和培训活动的一般航空,惠兰政府估计该部门雇用约38,000人(3)。每个持牌机场都有自己的消防反应,被CAA指南管理的机场救援和消防服务(RFFS),他们必须是: - ..与飞机运营和在机场发生的其他活动相称;提供适当组织的协调,以应对机场或周围环境的紧急情况;包含测试计划充分性的程序,并审查结果以提高其有效性。(CAA 2020)确保充足的消防员培训,如此简单地,每个机场都需要确保它具有足够的培训,媒体,人员在适当的数量上处理任何可能的事件,鉴于其规模和交通。 There are around 1654 airfields in the UK, with 125 of those being licensed However, this is only limited to licensed airfields and the response is typically limited to the airfield itself, and the immediate surrounding area. Airfield vehicles are often specialist aviation firefighting vehicles – not necessarily suitable for driving potentially long distances to an incident. 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We can see that (based on the 2019-2020 data) that on average a crash occurs 3.22km from an airfield, but 15.78km from a licensed airfield (where the firefighting teams are). The maximum distance from a licensed airfield was 57.41km, two thirds of the crashes were more than 10km from a licensed airfield and over a third were more than 18km away. Fig 1a (left) shows crashes versus all airfields. Fig 1b (right) shows crashes versus licensed airfields only. Aircraft incidents pose complex firefighting challenges So, what does this all mean? Well the simple conclusion we can draw from this data is that there is a sizable risk of an aircrash occurring on the grounds of a non-airport fire service. In 2019-2020 there have been 62 air crashes, of which 9 involved a fatality Bearing that in mind, it’s also worth considering that aircraft incidents pose challenges to firefighters and firefighting, that need to be considered. The construction of aircraft has been evolving since the first days of flight, with materials that are strong, light and cheap to produce being adopted and in recent years created to order. This has seen a move from natural materials, such as wood and canvas towards aluminum and man-made materials, and in recent years man made mineral fibres (MMMFs) which are lighter and stronger than natural materials, and can be moulded into any shape. The problem is, MMMFs disintegrate into minuscule fibres when subject to impact or fire, which can stick like tiny needles into firefighters’ skin, leading to skin conditions, and pose a significant risk to respiratory systems if breathed in. As with all fires, there are risks associated with smoke products, with exposure to fuels and other chemicals and so there is the potential for a widespread hazmat incident, with respiratory and contamination hazards. Finally, there is always the risk, more so perhaps with military aircraft, of explosives or dangerous cargoes on the aircraft that put firefighters at risk. The problem is therefore this: There is a constant, but small, chance of an aviation incident occurring away from an airport, and requiring local authority fire services to act as the initial response agency, rather than a relieving agency. These incidents, when they do occur, are likely to be unfamiliar to responding crews, yet also present risks that need to be addressed. PLANE Thinking Despite this landscape of complex risk and inconsistent response coverage non-airfield fire services can still create an effective response structure in the event of an aviation incident away from an airfield. We have drawn up a simple, 5-step aide-memoire for structuring a response, following the acronym PLANE (Plan, Learn, Adapt, Nurture, Evolve). We are aware that all brigades will do this already to some extent (in fact they are obliged to). We are also aware that there was little point going into the technical details of firefighting itself – that is handled elsewhere and in far more detail – but instead we considered a broad, high-level system to act as a quick sanity check on the response measures already in place. There is always the risk, more so perhaps with military aircraft, of explosives or dangerous cargoes on the aircraft that put firefighters at risk In many ways this mirrors existing operational risk exercises, and begins with a planning process – considering the nature of risk in the response area, building links with other agencies and operators, and collating and analyzing intelligence. Services should expand their levels of knowledge (Learn) around the issue, and consider appointing tactical advisors for aviation incidents and using exercises and training programs to test and enhance response. Having identified the risk landscape, and invested in intelligence about it, we may then need to consider adapting our approaches to make sure we are ready to respond, and having carried out all of this activity, we need to keep the momentum going, and continue to nurture those relationships, and that expertise cross the service. Rapid technological advancement Aviation technology does not stand still. Many of us will have seen this week the testing in the lake district of the emergency response jetpack (4), and this is just one example of the pace of technological advances in the sector. Consider the huge emerging market of UAVs, commercially and recreationally and the potential for incidents related to them, as well as their potential application in responses. Finally, Services, potentially through their dedicated TacAd roles, need to keep abreast of emerging technologies, and ensure that the Planning and Learning continues to match the risk. Aviation technology does not stand still So, in conclusion, we have a (very) simple system for preparing for the potential for airline incidents off airfields. We are happy to admit that it’s not going to solve all of every brigades’ problems, and we’d like to think it simply holds a mirror to existing activities. We do hope that it does give a bit of structure to the consideration a potentially complex process, and that it is of some use, if only as a talking point. Best practices and technologies and will be among the topics discussed at the Aerial Firefighting Europe Conference, taking place in Nîmes, France on 27 – 28 April 2021. The biennial event provides a platform for over 600 international aerial firefighting professionals to discuss the ever-increasing challenges faced by the industry. References 1. General Aviation Awareness Council. Fact Sheet 1 - What is General Aviation (GA)? 2008. 2. Anon. UK Airfields KML. google maps. 2020. 3. Davies B. General Aviation Strategic Network Recommendations. GA Champion, 2018. 4. Barbour S. Jet suit paramedic tested in the Lake District “could save lives.” BBC News. 2020. Article Written by Chris Heywood and Dr Ian Greatbatch.

有机硅挤出物在消防安全中的作用
有机硅挤出物在消防安全中的作用

我们的世界充满了“挤出”。它们是小而不是那么小的横截面,它用作密封件,将机器和移动部件的复杂部件桥接在一起,并帮助它们保持工作状态。有许多不同类型的挤出,其功能的多样性通常会使它们面临风险 - 并使它们在预防 - 可能导致电火射的情况下很重要。挤出也经常采用不同的材料制成,其质量也可能影响保护环境如何反对火灾的风险。硅胶的好处是更适合预防防火的最良好的材料是硅树脂。有机硅是一种吹掉水的人类化合物,是电绝缘,极度耐高温,重要的是,可以配制成阻燃剂。这些品质越来越多地,越来越多地制造硅胶的制造挤出材料,至少部分原因是这些优点。虽然肯定有更多的工作要做在安全前线 - 没有环境可能过于安全,在众所周境的其他橡胶以极高的极端温度的耐受性是viton,但在暴露于类型时,这种类型的材料是最佳的汽油。在其他(大多数)情况下,硅胶可以说是优越的品质。 Heat-resistant or flame-retardant? There are two different types of silicone extrusions that are often confused when talking about fire safety: silicone extrusions that are heat-resistant and those that are flame-retardant. The former is manufactured to function and maintain its mechanical properties at high temperatures. A silicone extrusion operating as an oven door seal would be an example of a heat-resistant type of extrusion. The highest temperature these grades of silicone can withstand is about 300°C. Flame-retardant silicone is formulated specifically to be self-extinguishing. To be certified as flame retardant the material is subjected to a flame for a specified time. The material then has to pass a minimum burn distance, or extinguish in a certain time. Flame-retardant silicones cannot withstand the same temperature extremes as heat-resistant silicones, but have much better self-extinguishing properties in general. They tend to max out at around 200°C. When talking about fire safety, it is the grades that are specially flame-retardant that are important to think about. Although silicone is naturally heat-resistant, it is only heat-resistant up to a point. Special grades are required for the extrusions needed to function in high-temperature areas, like the aforementioned oven door. But this does not make them the same as being flame-retardant. Industry grades of flame-retardant silicone There are several grades of silicone that meet different flame-retardant requirements for specific industries. Including: UL-94: This grade is the general standard in the United States, and is most commonly specified on lighting fixtures and other components. EN45545-2: This grade is the standard in the railway industry, and to a lesser degree across all mass transit vehicles (such as buses). All silicone components used on trains, for example, need to meet this required standard. FAR/JAR 25.823: This is the flame-retardant standard for silicone components used in aircraft industries. Apart from being self-extinguishing, the other main property of flame-retardant silicone grades is that they have a low smoke, low toxicity quality. Meaning that if they do come into contact with a fire, and are subsequently burned, they will not release large amounts of smoke or toxic fumes. Low smoke, low toxicity rubbers have been a legal requirement ever since the tragic Kings Cross Station fire in 1987. In which smoke from burning rubber and When talking about fire safety, it is the grades that are specially flame-retardant that are important to think aboutother materials contributed to fatalities. As implied by the above standards, flame-retardant silicones are commonly found across the aerospace industries, the automotive and rail (and to a wider extension the mass transit) industries, and the consumer goods and lighting manufacturing bases. They are also present in the emergency services sector; usually in vehicles, including in ambulances and fire fighting vehicles. Why are fire-retardant extrusions important? An increasing trend for office spaces and everyday household items is for them to rely more and more on synthetic carbon-based polymers in the form of furniture, fabrics, housings for electrical equipment and as surface coatings for other materials, to name a few. The high fuel values of carbon-based polymers means that their very existence is potentially hazardous in the event of a fire. By having fire-retardant silicone extrusions bridging the components together in machinery and moving parts, their substance reduces the likelihood of a fire breaking out within one of these machines and spreading onwards — and causing catastrophic damage to — the everyday carbon-based polymers in the environment. An increasing trend for office spaces and everyday household items is for them to rely more and more on synthetic carbon-based polymersImportantly, the flame-retardant silicone grades used in extrusions are not harmful to human health, and in any case, exposure to them is minimal. Although some can be in visible areas, such as door seals on trains, by nature most of them are located inside machinery, and do not tend to be out in the open. Fire prevention and the future Silicone might be one of the best materials for extrusions to be manufactured out of, in terms of guarding against and preventing fire hazards. But when it comes to preventing tragedies such as the aforementioned Kings Cross Station incident, nothing can be too perfect. That’s why the standards for silicone are continuously being revised and improved upon. All the time, silicone grades are increasingly put to the test in laboratory settings and tweaked to increase their performance. The standard priorities are: how can we make this material even more likely to help with the reduction and the spread of fires? How can the amount of smoke and fumes emitted in the event of burning be even more diminished? But while there is certainly more work to be done on the safety front — no environment can be too safe, after all — the fact remains that, of all the options currently available, the safest options out there are made from silicone.

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