当密苏里州卡德维尔的志愿消防部门需要为新设备和建造一个新的消防棚子筹集资金时,他们在网上发布了一个请求。纽约马萨皮夸的居民们为了表示对当地消防部门的感谢,想要筹集食物,也在网上发布了募捐请求。

这两项请求都使用了“第一基金”(Fund the First),这是一个针对应急人员的新众筹平台。与其他可能被欺诈或滥用的在线筹款工具不同,“第一基金”会对每次筹款活动进行核实,以确保捐赠的资金流向正确的地方。新的安全在线平台使用户能够创建、管理和推广经过验证的活动,以帮助经过验证的应急人员在需要的时候筹集资金。

确保支援到达第一反应者

该平台旨在消除欺诈行为,并确保为有需要的应急人员提供支持

为当地消防部门筹集资金是该平台的一个用途,该平台还寻求在急救人员遭遇疾病、手术或其他灾难性损失时提供资金,这在急救人员中比其他职业更常见。简而言之,该平台旨在消除欺诈行为,并确保支持到达有需要的第一线应急人员手中。

基于第一个账单本身作为“由第一响应者设计的第一个在线验证的财务贡献平台”。它旨在避免与犯罪分子和诈骗者相关的风险,他们寻求利用人们慷慨的慷慨,并在可能使用初假在线捐赠活动,例如,使用第一响应者的相似之处。

该站点利用了来自ID的高级身份验证和身份验证技术。我来完全确认第一反应人员证书的准确性。该平台还使用手动调查程序,以确保所有竞选声明都是合法的。

待核实受益人

任何第一反应者都可以免费注册并在网站上进行“预验证”

由于所有请求都进行了核实,贡献者可以为他们的资金增添安心,因为他们的钱将参加竞选人员的指定受益人。

任何第一反应者都可以在网站上免费注册并进行“预认证”,甚至在他们面临需求或困难之前。现在注册可以避免在压力更大的时候完成这个过程。如果预期的受益人没有预先验证,平台将向他或她发送注册邀请。直到受益人得到核实,活动才会开始。

在执行任务或不执行任务时死亡的情况下,倒下的第一反应者的近亲必须手动核实。这可以通过提交手动验证请求来实现。该平台的竞选总监将直接与家庭成员或近亲合作,以确保核实。

第一反应者的信任之地

在活动进行至少30天后,支票将被寄给活动的已核实的受益人。该平台表示,为竞选活动贡献的每一美元中,有92%会归受益人所有;其余部分用于支付处理、验证和平台运营成本。

事实上,在大型众筹网站上看到的许多活动实际上都是骗局。相比之下,“第一基金”提供了一个值得信赖的地方,急救人员可以在需要时获得所需的支持。

Fund the First的创始人兼首席执行官是罗伯特·加兰德,他是纽约市警察局的一名侦探,具有制定和执行商业计划的经验。四位联合创始人是佛罗里达州的执法官员约翰·艾奇霍恩(John Eichhorn);Michael LaLuna,注册会计师;纽约市警察局副局长凯文·达西(Kevin Darcey);以及有40年商业生涯的退休执法人员米奇·温斯坦(Mitch Weinstein)。

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拉里•安德森
拉里•安德森编辑器中,TheBigRedGuide.com,诺丁山媒体

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建筑疏散:消防面板和语音报警之间的集成允许每秒计数时更快的响应
建筑疏散:消防面板和语音报警之间的集成允许每秒计数时更快的响应

在一个基于IP的平台上结合火灾报警和语音疏散加速了应急响应并解锁了广泛的效率收益。这种进化继续具有新一代火灾报警面板。每个建筑物和安全经理的主要任务之一包括在最佳地为紧急情况做好准备。这包括具有正确的协议,以便火灾,以确保每秒计数时可以尽可能快地疏散建筑物。对于最佳响应,运营商尽可能多地实现现场情境;尽可能快。关键信息包括火源的确切位置和直接附近的火源和当前温度水平。此外,还概述了最关键的房间和地板,需要优先疏散。在理想的世界中,该信息可在中心位置提供,例如控制室,所有紧急响应都是针对性和协调的。And even more ideally, the building’s fire alarm and voice evacuation systems should not only be connected and integrated – they should also deliver alerts and status reports on the same platform in a coordinated manner.For an optimal response, operators need as much live situational intelligence as possible; as fast as possible In reality, most buildings lack this level of integration and synchronization in their disparate fire alarm and voice evacuation systems. Some buildings run on patchwork solution in which both systems may be controlled in a single location, but entirely without integration whatsoever. This not only creates challenges in terms of installation and maintenance of these systems. In the worst case, the lack of integration can cost valuable seconds in response time. But system integration between fire and voice alarm solutions has not only come a long way in recent years. As the latest evolution, a new generation of fire panels helps to connect and control both systems on a single interface, thereby opening the door to immediate efficiency improvements and future innovations. Connecting IP-Based Fire Alarm and Voice Evacuation Systems For the past few years, Bosch has been offering connections between IP-based fire alarm and voice evacuation systems as a standard, out-of-the-box feature. The “Smart Safety Link” is an interface that creates a connection between fire and voice alarm systems. As a direct, plug-and-play connection, it replaces workaround solutions or relay-based connections limited to single evacuation zones in the building. As the direct takeaways from a systems architecture perspective, the Smart Safety Link requires far less cables and significantly reduces installation costs and timelines. Bosch has been offering connections between IP-based fire alarm and voice evacuation systems as a standard, out-of-the-box featureAnd by creating the connection on an IP-based architecture, the system constantly monitors the health and status of all connected devices. For operators, this significantly increases the system’s overall reliability while lowering the risk for false alarms. It also allows for replacing or repairing components as needed, right when failures happen or become imminent. The resulting systems architecture is not only more stable and reliable, but also far less complex in terms of set-up. Depending on the size of the building, one or more voice alarm systems can also be connected to the fire alarm control panels. The direct connection via Smart Safety Link eliminates the need for including additional interface modules to accommodate a voice evacuation connection, thereby keeping investment costs low. Targeted Evacuation by Building Zones Beyond the ease and efficiency of setting up a building’s alarm systems, the connection between fire alarm and voice evacuation on a single platform significantly improves emergency responses: Firstly, in case of a fire alarm the Smart Safety Link allows for voice-guided evacuation of a building by separate zones. This allows for addressing rooms and building floors closest to the fire source first, starting with the evacuation of the most endangered building occupants. This not only supports an orderly evacuation response but also helps to avoid panic and additional complications.Studies state that using voice evacuation with clear instructions creates significant time gains Secondly, the integration makes evacuations much faster overall in situations when time is of the essence. Studies such as David Canter’s “Fire and Human Behavior” clearly state that using voice evacuation with clear instructions creates significant time gains of up to 30 percent for emergency response teams compared to a non-voice alarm signal. And thirdly, the Smart Safety Link also allows for a wide range of automated emergency responses, for instance pre-recorded voice evacuation messages directing occupants of different zones to their respective nearest exits. Supported by strobes, guide lights and clear signage, this automatic combination of fire alarm and voice instructions allows operators to focus on the big picture and monitor the situation in real-time. Evolving the Link Between Fire and Voice Alarm While the integration between fire alarm and voice evacuation via Smart Safety Link has been a widely adopted feature for several years now, with constant gains in efficiency and ease of use, the evolution continues. Bosch recently released a new generation of panels that provide the foundation for immediate new functionality as well as a platform for future technologies guided by Smart Building and Internet of Things (IoT) principles.Bosch recently released a new generation of panels that provide the foundation for immediate new functionality Continuing the proven, modular concept of its predecessors, the new “Avenar” panels provide an intuitive user interface, simplified planning and streamlined purchasing process for operators and system integrators. The panels work with existing fire alarm system components, but offer enhanced scalability, computing power and functionality for future applications. Most of all, the Avenar series creates a single point of access and control for personnel and operators while putting both the voice alarm and fire alarm system components at their fingertips. A Combined Graphic User Interface for Both Systems Previously, many systems still required two separate user interface environments to control fire alarm and voice evacuation components. Here’s where Avenar bridges the gap: Users can now fully control safety equipment such as fire alarm, voice alarm, door controls, and more, directly on the Avenar panel display via the “eMatrix” feature. With its 7-inch touch screen, eMatrix puts full control of all system components on a single interface. The results include faster response times from eliminating the need to switch between platforms, as well as a one-stop overview of the latest situation.With its 7-inch touch screen, eMatrix puts full control of all system components on a single interface eMatrix displays the status of all connected fire safety equipment and evacuation zones in a color-coded format, indicating states by red, yellow, and green labels. Operators also directly see the status of automated emergency responses currently in progress, with the option to intervene manually as needed. These manual commands are available in the form of icons on screen that control sirens, strobe lights and voice announcements. Constant feedback on the progress of evacuation measures allows for an unprecedented level of control in emergency situations. Networked Solutions for Tomorrow’s Smart Buildings In a world where connectivity and cloud computing are key drivers of innovation, both panels support fast ethernet system architecture with 100Mbit data transfer rates. What’s more, fire panels and voice alarm components connect to a network, allowing for the integration of building management systems such as HVAC. In a world challenged by pandemic restrictions, remote maintenance and control are day one features of the platform. Looking into the future, the next generation not only immediately puts faster response times and better situational oversight into system operator’s hands. When it comes to smart building technologies that support emergency responses with AI-based automation for even faster turnaround, the Avenar panels also provide the hardware and connectivity to pave the way.

将研究与野火管理的前瞻性方法结合起来
将研究与野火管理的前瞻性方法结合起来

科学清楚地表明,减少野火破坏性影响和对生命和财产的威胁的方法是主动管理随着火灾而演化的生态系统。这意味着以正确的方式和地点重新引入火,并通过机械处理模拟火对森林结构的影响。“落基山研究站的火,燃料,和烟雾科学项目(RMRS)侧重于风险管理的科学方法,他们可以治疗燃料和降低风险,以帮助社区评估和减轻风险和更有弹性,”托马斯·c . Dzomba说副项目经理和火灾建模研究所的主任。在当前的火灾季节,密苏拉火灾科学实验室做出了两项主要贡献:风险管理评估团队直接支持西部地区的事件,提供地图、实时天气、地形、控制功能、以及火灾行为数据和信息,以帮助火灾管理人员确定最佳行动路线和各种抑制战术和战略的成功概率。在本季度早期,他们模拟了COVID-19在消防营地的传播风险,并评估了关键的缓解策略。这些信息支持了机构采取的行动,如保持社交距离、单元合一、口罩和检测,这些行动对在非常困难的情况下成功地最大限度地减少疾病的传播做出了巨大贡献。5-10年规划计划展望未来5-10年,计划重点是:通过提高对野火行为和传播的基本过程的理解,深刻提高林务局管理火灾的能力,为社区和自然资源带来利益。开发与燃料相关的工具、产品、处理方案、恢复策略,并准确预测未来raybet炉石传说的情况,以帮助改变野火增加的轨迹和改变火灾制度。 Improving the understanding of smoke impacts and how wildfire emissions respond to climate variability and changing landscapes, and developing mitigations. Building on and improving decision support systems, the effectiveness and efficiency of fire and forest management activities, and increasing the safety of planning and operations. Includes developing tools and models to help fire managers weigh trade-offs of decisions in real-time regarding suppression tactics, management strategies, and safety. System Development The Missoula fire sciences laboratory has a long history of producing and supporting systems for management use and will continue to engage in technology transfer in the form of system development. “We live in ecosystems that are historically fire-dependent and have been altered over time by expansion of the wildland-urban interface, external factors such as climate change and the invasion of non-native species, and decades of active fire suppression,” says Dzomba. “Our fire research must align with a more proactive approach to fire management that includes more managed fire on the landscape and a greater focus on restoring landscapes to historical fire regimes as opposed to the reactive approach of addressing wildland fire management after fire is already on the ground.” Balanced Ecosystems Wildfire Risk To Communities website provides interactive information to help communities understand and mitigate wildfire risk. Greg Dillon, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory Western landscapes evolved with fire; it is a necessary component to keep ecosystems functioning and in balance. Science and research clearly point towards solutions for reducing the risk of damaging wildfires, but knowing the answer doesn’t necessarily make it easy to get there. That will take collaboration with local communities, state and federal partners, and science to help managers determine the best places and ways to more safely reintroduce fire to landscapes. Building Resilience There is no one-size-fits-all or magic bullet to make this happen. “Building resilience in our landscapes and communities will take all of us working together,” says Dzomba. “Everyone has a part to play including preventing human-caused wildfires, reducing risks through vegetation management, managing fires in some landscapes when conditions are appropriate, and building in locations and ways that make communities and homes more resistant to fire.”

rmr研究人员通过科学提高消防安全
rmr研究人员通过科学提高消防安全

公众和消防人员的安全是蒙特州米苏拉落基山研究站(RMRS)的首要任务。那里的火灾、燃料和烟雾科学项目寻求开发工具和技术,帮助在野火发生之前、期间和之后保护人们和社区。rmr开发和提供创新的科学技术,以改善国家森林和草原的健康和利用。他们的科学家将工具和知识交给管理者,管理者可以将这些工具和知识应用到旨在减少燃料、改善栖息地和森林健康的共享管理项目中。消防研究项目通过改进确定消防安全区域和逃生路线的指标,改进和现代化确定火灾危险,提高了消防人员的安全,开发系统和应用程序,如野火安全评估器(WiSE)和wildfireafe,以促进荒地消防员使用这些指标。该项目还率先制定了情景规划和评估社区野火风险的指标。rmr科学家在风险管理、火灾行为、灭火和管理、处理燃料以降低风险、火灾后对流域的影响以及在火灾发生前、发生中和发生后帮助保护人民和社区的方法方面都处于领先地位。美国农业部林业局是一个以科学为基础的组织,自其成立以来,研究一直是其使命的一部分。洛基山研究站火灾、燃料和烟雾科学项目的副项目经理和火灾建模研究所主任。 “We are all in this together.” USDA Forest Service is a science-based organization, and research has been part of its mission since its inception in 1905. In 1908, forester Raphael Zon, declared “Here we will plant the first tree of research,” near Flagstaff, Ariz., at the Fort Valley Experiment Station. It later became the Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, and eventually combined in 1953 with the Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. providing economic opportunities The combination created the modern footprint of the Rocky Mountain Research Station, which covers 12 states in the intermountain west and includes 14 experimental forests and 14 labs, including the fire sciences lab in Missoula, Mont. The team in Missoula collaborates with researchers globally to advance forest inventory and analysis techniques, to promote science that enhances the wildland fire system, and to provide economic opportunities by improving utilization of wood products. RMRS also conducts extensive research on watersheds, wildlife and fish, rangeland and forest health, insects and diseases, wilderness, human interactions with natural resources, and much more. The Human Performance and Innovation and Organizational Learning (HP&IOL) team is a part of RMRS and serves the entire agency in order to promote a culture of learning and foster a resilient workforce and advance innovations. fire management efforts There are many examples of how fire research can help in adapting to fire on the landscapes that evolved with it HP&IOL seeks input from employees through verbal and written interviews, focus groups, and other means. Additionally, many of the research staff work directly in support of fire management efforts, enabling them to quickly see what could make fire management or prescribed fire more efficient or safer. To promote better understanding of the importance of fire research, the fire industry should talk to partners, community leaders, and the public and show them how science helped improve decision-making before and during fire suppression efforts. There are many examples of how fire research can help in adapting to fire on the landscapes that evolved with it. For example, where have fuel treatments helped buffer communities or important resources? helping protect communities “We should tell our success stories,” says Dzomba. “Ultimately the best safety measure is to not have to fight the fire, because we’ve learned to adapt, developed mitigations and treated fuels before fire occurs to help protect communities and create more resilient landscapes.”

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