物联网(IOT)正在扩大的各种部署在公众安全利益的技术能力,以及智能城市正在利用物联网数据提供的见解和改善经营。raybet守望先锋国土安全部的美国能源部通过其科学与技术局的SCITI(发音为“城”)解决方案实验室推动技术的发展。SCITI代表智慧城市和物创新网络。

SCITI创新推动城市环境公共安全扩大第一反应,包括执法,消防和紧急医疗服务,以及相关的商业领域的能力。

这项计划的重点集成新的和现有的技术来服务公众安全的需要,重点在验证和进入市场的支持,通过行业合作伙伴。简化程序的目的是让新的功能商品化,提供给用户。

支持第一反应

该方案旨在提供新的功能,支持第一反应者和在三个领域相关的商业领域。他们是:

  • 室内无人机系统(UAS)的自主导航在艰难的环境中支持搜救任务。
  • 被安装在固定室内建筑特征,如烟雾探测器或出口标志智能建筑传感器。传感器提供一个机制,迅速优先搜索和救援领域。
  • 佩戴在身体上互操作平台(“SmartHub”)与第三方传感器集成个人网络通信,以提高态势感知能力。

合作发展

该方案已在工具开发和商业化的一些产品raybet炉石传说

美国国土安全部科学技术是通过技术创新公司,政府公共安全官员,基础设施的所有者和私营部门的投资伙伴合作,促进适宜的商业收养的设计,开发和运行测试和评估利用“商业第一”的方针。raybet王者荣耀该方案已在开发和商业化的一些产品的工具。raybet炉石传说

提高通信发展的一个领域。例如,Zello,奥斯汀,德克萨斯州,提供了一按通智能手机的应用程序,是一种低成本,可靠和安全的替代传统的收音机。无线系统解决方案,莫里斯维尔,北卡罗莱纳州,已开发终端到终端的多标准/频段的无线网络解决方案,从宏蜂窝网络到端点的网关和/或传感器的连接。

紧急态势感知

为了在紧急情况下,已知量传感器公司,亚特兰大,提供物联网边缘传感器平台的态势感知能力

为了在紧急情况下的态势感知能力,已知量传感器公司,亚特兰大,提供物联网边缘传感器平台,采用AI支持的,基于图像的处理来量化和定位人入住。

CommandWear系统,温哥华,不列颠哥伦比亚省,提供了一种简单,安全,移动态势感知平台,在现有的智能手机,智能手表,平板电脑,笔记本电脑和台式PC运行。该系统使用户对事件和事故提前做好准备,知道那里的人员和资产,安全地与他们沟通,然后查看和分析事后任务。

其它解决方案促进团队精神和协作。Mutualink,沃灵福德,康涅狄格,连接语音,视频和信息来源,所以任何机构可以告知点播合作伙伴和共享信息,提供即时紧急协作,态势感知和协调。Coolfire解决方案,圣路易斯,密苏里州,提供了同步数据,内容和通信更有效地协同,使人们的工作协作软件。

人工智能

提供自动化在紧急情况下操作,Airgility,学院公园,马里兰州,提供多任务无人机,可以进行搜索和救援行动或保护国家边境,包括车载人工智能。

十三企业都在计划的raybet王者荣耀第一阶段入选,并在第二阶段中添加额外的公司。该解决方案SCITI实验室系同弗吉尼亚州的中心创新技术,TechNexus在芝加哥和智能城市工程公司实验室在华盛顿特区的创建

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在繁忙的野火季节,研究人员寻求新途径
在繁忙的野火季节,研究人员寻求新途径

这非常有意义,一个可怕的野火季节会来在2020年的大流行的高跟鞋。重特大火灾数十名在九月在北美烧毁,其中有85起大型非包容性火灾和横跨12个州6起含有火灾。主动大火已烧毁超过300万英亩,和41417场大火烧毁了近5000000英亩年至今。野火季节的严重程度有望超越10年的平均水平。更好地了解森林火灾全球变暖经常提到的一个贡献者野火,但也有其他的因素了。越来越多的研究人员正在寻找在地址申请新的方法野火的危险。它们包括工具,如深度学习和人工智能(AI),以更好地了解野火和控制它们的强度。该模型可用于揭示野火一种新的深度学习模型利用遥感和卫星数据在12个西方国家追查燃料水分含量最大风险的地区,效果跟踪容易燃烧的植物材料的量以及如何干它。额外的测试完成后,该模型可以用来揭示风险最大的领域野火和计划用于规定烧伤最好的地区。由斯坦福大学ecohydrologist的带领下,研究结果发表在杂志环境遥感。 Recurrent neural network The model uses data from the U.S. Forest Service’s National Fuel Moisture Database, which amasses plant water content information from thousands of samples. Using a ‘recurrent neural network,’ the system leverages the fuel moisture data to corroborate measurements of visible light and microwave radar signals from spaceborne sensors that are tasked with estimating fuel moisture measurements. Newer satellites with longer wavelengths allow sensitive observations about moisture content deeper into the forest canopy. Estimates from the model are used to generate interactive maps that fire agencies may one day use to identify patterns and prioritize wildfire control estimates. Researchers are also working to analyze the impact of better and more efficient firefighting on the size and frequency of wildfires. The theory goes: When firefighters extinguish smaller vegetation fires, a consequence is the creation of an environment where wildfires are larger and/or more frequent. Natural cycle of regeneration Older woods will naturally catch fire from the sun’s heat to make way for fresh growth The theory is based on the premise that wildfires play an essential role in the periodic regeneration of forests. Older woods will naturally catch fire from the sun’s heat to make way for fresh growth. However, more efficient firefighting can disrupt the natural cycle and, along with global warming, aggravate the broader likelihood of larger and more frequent fires. Researchers at the WiFire Lab in California and the University of Alberta in Canada are using artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze the environment and provide recommendations for prescribed burns that can save some parts of the forest without interfering with the natural cycle of regeneration. Providing early warning of wildfires Equipment operated by Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) caused 2018’s Camp Fire, the most destructive wildfire in California history. Because of the threat of sparking a wildfire, PG&E this year shut off power to 172,000 customers in Northern California on Labor Day weekend, for example. A concern is the threat of winds tearing down power line or hurling debris into them. Southern California Edison (SCE), another utility, warned that about 55,000 customer accounts could lose power. California utilities SCE, PG&E and San Diego Gas and Electric are helping to fund a network of ALERTWildfire video cameras in California that will help to provide early warning of wildfires. Video cameras keep watch throughout five Western United States to provide early warning, and the number of cameras is growing fast.

是否应消防员和急救员使用面罩?
是否应消防员和急救员使用面罩?

应该消防队员和其他第一反应是免除要求他们戴口罩,以防止新型冠状病毒(COVID-19)的传播?朴次茅斯,新罕布什尔州,市议会似乎认为如此。他们提出一项修正案,从城市的面罩条例豁免遵守第一反应。修订免征面罩规则第一反应具体,提出的修正案指出,“获豁免要求面覆盖的穿着包括执法人员,第一响应者或其他工作人员,谁是积极参与他们的任务条例的要求,如果穿面覆盖可能会阻碍他们的表现。”美国疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)建议在公共场所疾病控制和预防中心(CDC),每个人都戴口罩建议在公共场合,每个人都戴口罩,尤其是当不能保持社交距离。疾病预防控制中心没有指定需要免除第一反应。然而,有一种可能性,即口罩可以与消防员或者急救人员的工作抵触,尤其是当他们执行需要消耗体力的任务。口罩可以阻止通信的第一反应口罩之间,覆盖嘴和鼻子,可以通过消音声,阻碍面部表情也禁止通信。显然,沟通是最重要的消防员作为一个团队在紧急情况下,或者在第一响应者正在寻求给予明确的方向向公众开放。 The issue of face masks has been inexorably entwined with the well-being of first responders, since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Early on during the infection spread, health officials dismissed face masks as a tool to avoid spread of the disease. They said that the masks were ineffective at preventing community spread and that, supplies of personal protective equipment (PPE) needed to be conserved for health professionals and first responders. Importance of face masks in controlling spread of COVID-19 However, the early advice was completely reversed in late March 2020 and masks have been advocated ever since. A mask, worn by an infected individual, reduces the dispersion of virus-laden droplets that spread the disease. Now, experts contend that any type of mask, including cloth or paper, can help to reduce spread of the COVID-19 virus. Expanding the use of masks to include those that are not conformant with the N-95 classification effectively eliminated any concerns about supply and helped to make the widespread use of masks the norm. To some extent, however, mask usage in the United States has been politicized and some see the requirements as an affront to liberty. Need for wearing face masks in public Masks are a useful preventative measure for firefighters working together in a communal area Fire and emergency departments face the same challenges as other businesses and institutions, as they seek to remain safe in a communal workspace. Masks are a useful preventative measure for firefighters working together in a communal area or when training or resting. Wearing masks in public also allows departments to model best practices and promote a positive perception of the department to the public. Disciplined use of face masks demonstrates unselfishness and respect for others. It communicates professionalism and concern for the greater good. Masks go a long way in saving lives of first responders Perception may also be an issue when it comes to the choice of masks, which become a de facto part of a uniform. Masks with political statements should be avoided, for example. Considering that dozens of American fire and EMS members have died of COVID-19 infection, since March 2020, the use of masks is another way that firefighters can work to save lives. However, sufficient flexibility is needed so that the use of masks does not interfere with other lifesaving duties.

有哪些新的动向消防设备?
有哪些新的动向消防设备?

设备是在救火,并保持消防队员安全的一个重要因素。但是,新的需求正在推动设备的发展?设备如何扩大其在救火,或在管理建设占用和流量为此事角色?我们要求专家小组圆桌会议:什么在消防设备的新趋势和机遇?

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